DOHA: Qatar and the UAE have retained their positions as the “least corrupt” countries in the Middle East and North Africa (Mena) region in the Corruption Perception Index (CPI) 2013, released by the Berlin-based Transparency International yesterday.
Qatar is ranked 28 in the new report while the UAE has got a higher ranking at 26. Both the countries were ranked 27 in last year’s report.
Qatar and the UAE are the only countries in the Middle East that have found a place among the “cleanest countries” of the world, topped by Denmark and New Zealand, both ranked first in the Index.
Bahrain (57), Oman (61), Saudi Arabia (63), and Kuwait (69) fell far behind Qatar and the UAE, while Syria (168), Iraq (171), Libya (172), and Sudan (174) have been listed among the “most corrupt” countries globally.
The report ranks states based on how corrupt their public sectors are perceived to be. More than two-thirds of the 177 countries surveyed this year scored below 50 on a scale where zero is seen as highly corrupt and 100 perceived as very clean.
Finland, Sweden, Norway, Singapore, Switzerland, the Netherlands, Australia, Canada, Luxembourg and Germany were in the top 12 “clean” countries in that order.
North Korea, Afghanistan, Sudan, South Sudan, Libya and Iraq respectively were perceived as the worst for corruption, and ranked from 175th to 171st.
“Corruption within the public sector remains one of the world’s biggest challenges, particularly in areas such as political parties, police and justice systems,” Transparency International said.
The biggest improvers this year were Myanmar, Brunei, Laos, Senegal, Nepal, Estonia, Greece, Lesotho and Latvia.
The biggest decliners were Syria, Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Libya, Mali, Spain, Eritrea, Mauritius, Yemen, Australia, Iceland, Slovenia, Guatemala, Madagascar and Congo Republic, according to Transparency International.
Italy placed 69, Brazil, Serbia and South Africa tied at 72, China was in slot 80, India 94, Mexico 106, Indonesia 114, Russia 127, Kazakhstan 140, while Iran, Nigeria and Ukraine tied at 144, Zimbabwe was at 157 and Venezuela 160.