Pakistan army part of deals with rebels in past 10 years

March 07, 2014 - 6:20:27 am
ISLAMABAD: The Pakistan Army has been involved, either directly or indirectly, in every accord signed with the militants, including Taliban, in the last 10 years and two of these agreements are still intact and working.

The prime minister’s decision of involving the army in recent negotiations with the Taliban, at the request of the government committee, is a result of the background that all the previous peace accords announced since 2004 were supervised by the army.

The peace pact between the army and Hafiz Gul Bahadur in North Waziristan in 2006 and with Maulvi Nazir Group of Wana, South Waziristan, are still valid and intact. Importantly, both these groups of Taliban have no link with the defunct Tehrik-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP).

However, all the other accords signed with the militants and Pakistan Army directly or indirectly benefited the militants and that was the reason that all these were revoked.

The Pakistan Army also initiated talks with the militants in Malakand Division (Swat) in 2009 through the Awami National Party and Pakistan People’s Party but soon it had to conduct an operation against the militants there.

These two pacts were signed with Sufi Muhammad and Maulana Fazlullah, the current TTP chief. The army, in Fata, at times, directly talked to the militants while on other occasions, it got involved the tribal elders and Ulema to convince the militants.

Details reveal that in April 2004, the Government of Pakistan signed the first peace agreements with militants in South Waziristan which was signed by militia commander Nek Muhammad Wazir, but was immediately abrogated once Nek Muhammad was killed in a missile attack by the US. The second accord was signed in 2005 with Baitullah Mehsud, which, reportedly brought relative calm in the South Waziristan region.