CAIRO: Former Egyptian army chief Abdel Fattah Al Sisi won a landslide victory in a presidential election yesterday but a low turnout threatened to deprive him of the strong mandate he needs to fix the economy and face down an Islamist insurgency.
Sisi won 93.3 percent of votes cast, judicial sources said, with most ballots counted after three days of voting. His only rival, leftist politician Hamdeen Sabahi, gained three percent while 3.7 percent of votes were declared void.
But a lower-than-expected turnout figure raised questions about the credibility of a man idolized by his supporters as a hero who can deliver stability.
The stakes are high for Sisi in a country where street protests have helped topple two presidents in three years.
Since a series of television interviews he gave ahead of the vote, many Egyptians feel Sisi has not spelled out a clear vision of how he would tackle Egypt’s problems, instead making a general call for people to work hard and be patient.
He has presented vague plans to remedy the economy, suffering from corruption, high unemployment, and a widening budget deficit aggravated by fuel subsidies that could cost nearly $19bn in the next fiscal year.
Investors want Sisi to end energy subsidies, impose a clear tax regime and give guidance on the direction of the exchange rate.
Turnout was about 46 percent of Egypt’s 54 million voters, the government said, less than the 40 million votes, or 80 percent of the electorate, that Sisi had called for last week.
It was also less than the 52 percent turnout secured in the 2012 presidential election by Mohamed Mursi, the Islamist leader Sisi ousted last year after mass protests against his rule.
Many Egyptians said voters had stayed at home due to political apathy, opposition to another military man becoming president, discontent at suppression of freedoms among liberal youth, and calls for a boycott by Islamists.
Sabahi conceded defeat but rejected the official turnout figures as too high, calling them “an insult to the intelligence of Egyptians.”
The stock market .EGX30, which fell 2.3 percent on Wednesday as some players said the turnout was a disappointment, closed down 3.45 percent yesterday, after the finance minister approved a ten percent tax on stock market profits.
Mohamed El Sewedy, chairman of the Federation of Egyptian Industries, said, however: “The business community is very happy about the results. We need real reform and opportunities ... a guy with courage to take decisions.”
Sisi enjoys the backing of the armed forces and the Interior Ministry, as well as businessmen who thrived under Mubarak and are still highly influential.
Sisi also has the support of Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates and Kuwait, which see Mursi’s Muslim Brotherhood as an existential threat. Gulf Arab states pumped billions of dollars into Egypt to keep the economy afloat.
“Egypt and Saudi Arabia can work together to face threats, either internally like the Muslim Brotherhood, or externally like Iran and its supporters in the area,” said Mohammed Zulfa, a member of Saudi Arabia’s Shura Council, an appointed body that advises the government.
“I think the Saudis will do all they can to support Sisi now he has been elected as he was supported by the Egyptian people,” he added.
The lower-than-expected turnout suggest Sisi may not have the popular mandate to take the tough measures needed to restore healthy economic growth, ease poverty and unemployment, and end costly energy subsidies.
One of Sisi’s biggest tests will be the issue of energy subsidies which drain billions of dollars from the state budget every year. Businessmen have urged Sisi to raise energy prices even though that may trigger protests, or risk sinking the economy.
Sisi also faces the formidable task of crushing an Islamist armed insurgency and eliminating any threat from the Brotherhood, which, as the country’s best-organised political force, had won every national vote held after Mubarak’s fall.
The Brotherhood, a movement loyal to Mursi and outlawed as a terrorist group, has rejected the election, describing it as an extension of the army takeover.
“Sisi and those with him have to admit that Egypt is against them and the Dr Mohamed Mursi is their president and the president of all Egyptians,” an Islamist alliance that includes the Brotherhood said in a statement.