WASHINGTON: The Syrian regime is believed to have used chemical weapons, including chlorine, in 14 attacks since late 2013, French Foreign Minister Laurent Fabius said yesterday.
Fabius, who is on an official visit to Washington, also voiced France’s regrets that US President Barack Obama had failed to unleash strikes on the Syrian regime as punishment for a sarin gas attack, saying it could have changed things on the ground.
Obama had threatened strikes after Syrian President Bashar Al Assad crossed a red line by launching a sarin attack in August near Damascus in which hundreds died. But in the end the US leader shied away from military action.
“We regret it because we think it would have changed lots of things ... but what is done is done, and we’re not going to rewrite history,” Fabius told a press conference in Washington.
He alleged, however, that “we have credible witnesses for the use, at least 14 uses... of chemical agents since October 2013.”
While Assad has handed over some 92 percent of his chemical weapons stockpile for destruction, “we have lots of elements which lead us to believe that a certain number of these chemical weapons have been hidden,” Fabius said.
The 14 reported incidents showed that “in recent weeks, new, smaller quantities of chemical arms have been used, mainly chlorine,” he said, adding that France was currently examining the evidence.
US officials asked about Fabius’s allegations said they would have to check into the reports, but stressed they took any such accusations seriously.
But a senior administration official hit back at Fabius’s regret that military strikes did not go ahead, pointing instead to the destruction of most of Assad’s stockpile by a UN watchdog in past months.
“There is no evidence that a strike would have allowed us to remove that amount of chemical weapons,” the official said, asking not to be named.
“So we continue to believe that was the right step, it was an effective step and it has enabled us to prevent Assad from using those chemical weapons to brutalize his own people.”
Human Rights Watch yesterday said that it also had evidence Syria’s government had used chlorine gas on three towns in mid-April in violation of the chemical weapons treaty.
The Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons, which is overseeing the destruction of Syria’s chemical arms stockpile, has sent a mission to Syria to investigate the allegations.
Western officials said evidence gathered from the sites of the alleged attacks was now being examined by France and other countries and the results should be known “in a few weeks.”
“We think there is a tactical use by the regime of chemical arms in certain key areas to unblock the ones held by the opposition,” a Western official said, asking not to be named.
One problem is that chlorine has many legitimate uses, even though its use as a weapon is banned under international conventions. When used as a gas it has proved pretty volatile, so inspectors will have to rely on witness testimony.