Syria’s Defence Minister General Fahad Jassim Al Freij (centre) visiting Yabrud town, at the Damascus countryside, yesterday.
YABRUD, Syria: Syria’s army and Lebanon’s Hezbollah seized full control of rebel bastion Yabrud yesterday, dealing the opposition a strategic blow in the Qalamoun region along the Lebanese border.
A reporter entered the town after the army declared it had captured the opposition stronghold north of Damascus, in a symbolic victory a day after the third anniversary of the outbreak of Syria’s conflict.
Exhausted Syrian soldiers sat in the streets after seizing the town in fierce clashes with the support of battle-hardened fighters from Lebanon’s Shia militant group Hezbollah and pro-regime militiamen.
“It was a very difficult battle, possibly the most difficult we have faced,” a soldier who identified himself as Abu Mohammed said in Yabrud’s central square between puffs from a water-pipe.
Earlier, the army announced it had “returned security and stability” to the town and its surroundings.
“This new success... is an important step towards securing the border area with Lebanon, and cutting off the roads and tightening the noose around the remaining terrorist cells in Damascus province,” the military added, using the regime’s term for rebels.
While scores of soldiers and fighters wearing different kinds of uniforms were seen in Yabrud, not one civilian could be spotted anywhere. Graffiti in the colours of the pro-revolt flag still adorned the heavily damaged town’s walls, while fighter jets were heard overhead.
The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, a Britain-based group relying on a network of contacts inside Syria, said Hezbollah had led the operation and that fighting was ongoing on the outskirts of the town.
Five Hezbollah fighters were killed yesterday in the area, said the group.
The Observatory and sources across the border in Lebanon, meanwhile, reported multiple air raids, including with explosive-packed barrel bombs, on the area between Yabrud and the Lebanese town of Arsal.
The NGO said at least six people were killed in raids on the area, among them two children.
Syrian state television said the army was targeting “groups of terrorists” fleeing Yabrud in the direction of Arsal.
Dozens of wounded people also streamed into Arsal, including around 20 struck in air strikes inside Lebanon and 30 brought over from Syria, a medical source in the region said.
The fall of Yabrud comes after months of Syrian army operations in the Qalamoun region. Late last year, the army captured a string of nearby towns before turning its sights on Yabrud.
The town was once home to some 30,000 people, including a Christian minority, and had been a rebel bastion since early in the Syrian uprising that began in March 2011.
According to Abu Akram, a Syrian army soldier in Yabrud, the military now aims to take over Flita and Rankus, two rebel positions on the road to Lebanon.
Yabrud is a strategic prize because of its proximity to the highway and the Lebanese border, across which rebels have smuggled fighters and weapons.
The capture of the town, and continuing army operations in the surrounding area, will sever important supply lines for the rebels as they face army advances on different fronts.
“It underlines yet again that the real momentum in the strategic zones of this conflict is now with the government,” said Charles Lister, a visiting fellow at the Brookings Doha Center.
The town’s seizure could also pile new pressure on Arsal, which is hosting at least 51,000 Syrian refugees, many from the Qalamoun region.
Sunni Arsal is largely sympathetic to the Sunni-led uprising, and rebel fighters are believed to have rear bases in areas around the town, which are regularly targeted by Syrian warplanes. Arsal municipality official Ahmad Fliti said the Syrian air force was staging continuous raids outside the town yesterday.