Clashes in Egypt ahead of referendum results

January 18, 2014 - 12:22:50 am


A policeman fires a tear gas canister during clashes with supporters of the Muslim Brotherhood in Alf Masskan district in Cairo, yesterday.


CAIRO:  Clashes between Egyptian police and Islamists killed at least two people yesterday, as the country awaited results of a constitutional referendum billed as a popular endorsement of president Mohamed Mursi’s overthrow.

Clashes between Mursi’s Islamist supporters and tear gas- firing police were reported in several cities, security officials said, a day before the referendum’s results were expected.

The interim authorities trumpeted the Tuesday and Wednesday poll as a chance for voters to show their support for the army’s overthrow in July, after massive street protests, of Egypt’s first freely elected president.

Flagship state-owned daily Al Ahram hailed a 98 percent vote in support of the new charter drafted to replace the Islamist-inspired one adopted under Mursi in 2012.

The Islamists, who boycotted the vote, described it as a farce and predicted it would culminate in the sort of massive electoral fraud that characterised Hosni Mubarak’s three-decade rule, ended by the Arab Spring uprising of 2011.

A coalition led by Mursi’s Muslim Brotherhood called for further protests, such as the rallies yesterday that turned violent in several cities.

One man was killed in Cairo and another in clashes in Fayoum, southwest of the capital, the health ministry said, as police clamped down in what has become a weekly ritual in a massive crackdown on pro-Mursi protests. In Cairo’s Alf Maskan area, demonstrators aimed fire works at police, who scattered for cover when they heard bursts of automatic gunfire from the protesters’ side.

A policemen fired an assault rifle in the protesters’ direction.

The government hoped a large turnout among Egypt’s 53 million registered voters would bolster its democratic credentials and further marginalise the Islamists.

Army chief Abdel Fattah Al Sisi, the man who toppled Mursi, was closely monitoring that as an indicator of support for a presidential bid later this year, military officials said.

Preliminary tallies reported by state news agency Mena suggested turnout had reached 39 percent in most provinces, sharply up on 33 percent registered in the Mursi-era referendum just over a year ago. The government said the vote showed support for Mursi’s overthrow. “This was also a referendum on June 30,” said government spokesman Hany Salah, referring to the day when millions of protesters took to the streets demanding that the president resign.

The run-up to the vote was marred by arrests of activists who campaigned against the constitution. “There was no real opportunity for those opposed to the government’s roadmap or the proposed constitution to dissent,” said monitoring group Democracy International, which observed the referendum.

The group said its monitors witnessed security forces and campaigning material inside polling stations, but there was “no evidence that such problems substantially affected the outcome of this referendum.”

The government will still have to contend with near daily protests and a militant campaign in the restive Sinai that has killed scores of policemen and soldiers.

For the second time in a month, suspected militants in the restive peninsula blew up a gas pipeline that feeds into an industrial zone.

The Islamist opposition scorned the figures put out by state media and called for mass demonstrations on January 25 — the third anniversary of Mubarak’s overthrow.

“Let the putschists deceive themselves and hold fools’ celebrations,” it said, claiming the referendum was a throwback to rigged elections under Mubarak.

The US administration is closely watching the results of Egypt’s referendum, but has not yet decided whether to unfreeze some $1.5bn (¤1.1bn) in aid, the State Department said on Thursday. Washington suspended part of its aid — the bulk of it military — in October, angered that there had been little indication of a return to democracy after Mursi’s overthrow.

“There are a range of factors we look to,” State Department spokeswoman Jen Psaki said in Washington, adding that merely holding the referendum was not enough.

The vote has put the Islamists on the back foot, and gives the government even less incentive to negotiate with the Muslim Brotherhood, which it has designated as a “terrorist” group.

Morsi himself has been in custody since his ouster and is currently standing trial in the first of three separate cases against him.