Political activists Ahmed Maher (right), Ahmed Douma (centre) and Mohamed Adel, founder of 6 April movement, look on from behind bars in Abdeen court in Cairo, yesterday.
CAIRO: An Egyptian court yesterday sentenced three activists who spearheaded the 2011 uprising against Hosni Mubarak to three years in jail for organising an unlicensed protest, judicial sources said.
It was the first such verdict against non-Islamist protesters since the overthrow of president Mohamed Mursi in July and was seen by rights groups as part of a widening crackdown on demonstrations by military-installed authorities.
Ahmed Maher, Ahmed Douma and Mohamed Adel were also convicted of rioting and assaulting security forces during an unauthorised protest last month, and were fined 50,000 Egyptian pounds ($7,100, ¤5,200) each, the sources said.
The three activists chanted “down with the military regime,” as the court gave its verdict, official news agency Mena reported.
Maher is the founder of the April 6 youth movement that led the revolt against Mubarak. All three defendants were leading dissidents under Mubarak, but they also supported the military’s overthrow of Mursi, whom they accused of betraying the 2011 “revolution”.
Maher and Douma were arrested after Maher’s supporters allegedly scuffled with police outside a Cairo court on November 30, when Maher handed himself in for questioning on suspicion he had organised an illegal protest.
Adel was absent from the first hearing on December 8 but was captured this week in a midnight police raid on a non-governmental organisation in Cairo.
They were found guilty of violating a disputed law enacted last month that requires police authorisation for protests, less than three years after Mubarak was toppled by massive pro-democracy demonstrations.
Another prominent pro-democracy activist, Alaa Abdel Fattah, has also been arrested for allegedly taking part in a violent and illegal protest. The date for his trial has yet to be determined.
More recently, the military justified its overthrow of Mursi — Egypt’s first freely elected president — as a response to massive protests against his turbulent year-long reign, which critics said was marked by power-grabbing and economic mismanagement.
Amr Ali, general coordinator of the April 6 youth movement, said the court verdict “aims to terrorise political activists so they would stop demonstrating against the failings of this regime”.
He said the “road map” outlined by the new authorities for Egypt’s transition to democracy “has become meaningless”.
“The road map was to put in place a government which was to be the foundation of a democratic state, but what we see is a return to the practices of the repressive state of Mubarak,” Ali said.
“We don’t recognise the roadmap. We appeal for a demonstration tomorrow (Monday) and on January 25 against the protest law and to demand release of pro-democracy activists.”
The road map envisages holding of a referendum on a new constitution next month, followed by parliamentary and presidential elections by the middle of 2014.
The new protest law has angered many secular and liberal activists who had viewed the military-installed government as a lesser evil than Mursi.
Human Rights Watch’s Egypt director said yesterday’s verdict was an “indication” of what could come in the future.
The United States and rights groups have expressed concern about the law, which was introduced after Egypt lifted a three-month state of emergency.
Since Mursi’s overthrow the authorities have launched a sweeping crackdown on his supporters that has left more than 1,000 people dead and thousands more in jail, including virtually the entire top leadership of his Muslim Brotherhood, which prevailed in a series of polls held after Mubarak’s ouster.
On August 14, security forces stormed two pro-Mursi sit-ins in Cairo, sparking clashes in which hundreds of people were killed, mainly Mursi supporters, in the worst mass killing in Egypt’s modern history.
In a separate development, another pro-democracy activist from the city of Suez, Bassem Mohsen, died on Sunday, two days after he was shot during clashes, medical sources and Mena reported. Mohsen had been jailed during Mursi’s presidency.