WASHINGTON: President Barack Obama’s embattled US health care law, having survived a rollout marred by technology failures, reached a milestone yesterday with the end of its first enrolment wave, and with the administration likely to come close to its goal of signing up seven million people in private health insurance.
But as the White House and its allies declare victory, major hurdles remain. And it will take years to determine whether the law will accomplish its mission of creating stable insurance markets that can help a significant number of America’s nearly 50 million uninsured gain health coverage, experts say.
Republicans are counting on that uncertainty to play into their strategy for the midterm congressional elections in November. Their plan: Draw on public dissatisfaction with the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act to help the GOP win control of the US Senate and retain the party’s dominance in the House of Representatives.
“We’re not really going to know whether it worked or not until the third or fourth year. And of course, that’s two elections down the road,” said Timothy Jost, a professor at the Washington and Lee University School of Law in Lexington, Virginia.
“What I worry about is that we won’t be able to figure out whether it’s worked or not until it’s too late,” he said.
Even before the first enrolment period comes to a close, Republicans and some Democrats have separately proposed election year changes that could appeal to voter concerns — and would leave the law substantially altered.
Republican proposals would undermine Obamacare by making health insurance optional and returning sick people to high-risk pools. A handful of Senate Democrats last week also proposed some Republican-sounding ideas that would allow insurance to be sold across state lines, discontinue the employer mandate for many small businesses and allow low-premium, high-deductible plans to be sold in the marketplaces.
Families USA, an administration ally on health care reform, plans to make its own public recommendations this week on how the enrolment drive for 2015 might be improved. “Our recommendations will build on the laudatory success of the first enrolment period,” said Ron Pollack, the group’s executive director.
So far, enrolment has been uneven. About half the states are expanding Medicaid as the law intended, and interest in private insurance lags in more than a dozen states where public leaders oppose Obamacare or have failed to produce a working state-operated marketplace. Consumer costs next year could vary widely, with premiums likely to rise in the double-digit percentages in states with lower enrollment.
“In most of the country, they’ve basically done a proof of concept: It can work. It has not yet succeeded and won’t succeed until you know that most of the uninsured have been covered and the market’s stable, with reasonable growth in premiums,” said Larry Levitt, a health policy expert at the nonpartisan Kaiser Family Foundation.
The nonpartisan Congressional Budget Office estimates that 14 million people will obtain health coverage this year through the private insurance marketplaces or the expansion of the Medicaid program for the poor. However, coverage is not expected to hit its peak of 37 million people until 2018, when the CBO forecasts 25 million people in the marketplaces and 12 million enrolled through Medicaid or its sister health plan, the Children’s Health Insurance Program
Over the next year the administration plans to fully link its enrollment website, HealthCare.gov, with the insurance industry for sign-ups and payments. The administration still has no automated systems for confirming enrollment data, distributing subsidies or compensating insurers for unexpected losses.