Russia moves nuclear-capable missile closer to EU
December 17, 2013 - 8:00:14 am
MOSCOW: Russia has moved nuclear-capable Iskander missiles closer to Europe’s borders in response to the US-led deployment of a disputed air defence shield, the defence ministry said yesterday.
The announcement is almost certain to irritate the former Communist states of Eastern Europe and add another layer to the tensions in Moscow’s fraught relations with Washington.
The advanced version of the Russian missile has a range of 500km and could potentially be used to take out ground-based radar and interceptors of the new Nato shield.
Germany’s Bild newspaper first reported over the weekend that Russia had deployed about 10 Iskander systems in its Kaliningrad exclave, wedged between Poland and Lithuania, at some point over the past 12 months.
A top Russian defence official said in response to the report that several Iskander batteries had been stationed in Russia’s Western Military District — a region that includes the exclave and also borders the European Union’s three Baltic nations that were once a part of the USSR.
“Iskander operational-tactical missile systems have indeed been commissioned by the Western Military District’s missile and artillery forces,” Russian news agencies quoted defence ministry spokesman Igor Konashenkov as saying.
He added that Russia’s deployment “does not violate any international treaties or agreements” and should therefore not be subject to protests from the West.
The Kremlin warned in 2011 that it could station the short- and medium-range ballistic missiles along the European Union’s eastern frontier in response to Nato’s missile defence programme.
Both the United States and the Western military alliance have argued that the shield is not aimed at Russia but is designed to protect the West from potential threats from so-called “rogue states”.
But Moscow fears the system — whose components include missile-positioning satellites — may one day be turned into an offensive weapon that targets Russian soil.
The Kremlin also believes the shield could in the future be expanded to a point that makes Russia’s own vast nuclear arsenal ineffective.
A report prepared by the US-based Stratfor global intelligence consultancy and published by the WikiLeaks website said most Iskander missiles had previously been stationed in Siberia and the volatile North Caucasus region. Stratfor added that the long-mooted but never-before implemented “Kaliningrad decision is highly political, since (the Iskander) could reach into Germany or take out any American (ballistic missile defence) system”.
The advanced version of the missile — known as the Iskander-M — was one of Russia’s first major post-Soviet weapons and is now among its most prized military exports.
Russian military analysts said cash constraints have prevented the armed forces from deploying as many Iskander systems as originally envisioned.