BEIJING: China’s Jade Rabbit rover vehicle drove onto the moon’s surface yesterday after the first lunar soft landing in nearly four decades, a huge advance in the country’s ambitious space programme.
The Yutu, or Jade Rabbit, was deployed at 4:35am (2035 GMT on Saturday), several hours after the Chang’e-3 probe landed on the moon, said the official news agency Xinhua.
Ma Xingrui, chief commander of China’s lunar programme, declared the mission a “complete success” after the rover and lander took photos of each other on the moon’s surface late yesterday, Xinhua reported.
China is the third country to complete a lunar rover mission after the US and the then-Soviet Union — a decade after it first sent an astronaut into space.
Beijing plans to establish a permanent space station by 2020 and eventually send a human to the moon.
The mission is seen as a symbol of China’s rising global stature and technological advancement, as well as the Communist Party’s success in reversing the fortunes of the once-impoverished nation.
Colour images showing the Chinese national flag on the rover, taken at about 11:42pm, were transmitted live to the Beijing Aerospace Control Center where Chinese President Xi Jinping congratulated the mission, the agency said.
A message from the party’s Central Committee, the State Council — China’s cabinet —, and the Central Military Commission branded the touchdown a “milestone” in China’s space programme, as cited by Xinhua late yesterday.
“One Giant Leap for China,” read the headline in Hong Kong’s Sunday Morning Post, evoking the words in 1969 of American astronaut Neil Armstrong, the first man on the moon. The landing, nearly two weeks after blast-off, was the first of its kind since the former Soviet Union’s mission in 1976.
State broadcaster China Central Television (CCTV) featured extensive coverage of the mission and China’s wider space ambitions.
The potential to extract the moon’s resources has been touted as a key reason behind Beijing’s space programme, with the moon believed to hold uranium, titanium, and other mineral resources, as well as offering the possibility of solar power generation. “China wants to go to the moon for geostrategic reasons and domestic legitimacy,” said China space expert Joan Johnson-Freese, a professor of national security affairs at the US Naval War College in Newport, Rhode Island.
“With the US exploration moribund at best, that opens a window for China to be perceived as the global technology leader — though the US still has more, and more advanced, assets in space.”
News of the landing quickly made an impact on China’s hugely popular Internet message boards, topping the list of searched items.
“The China dream has finally progressed one step forward!” wrote one user.
On its last afternoon broadcast, CCTV aired video taken by the lander showing the rover leaving tracks in the dust as it gently coasted onto the moon’s surface and rolled away.
The probe touched down on an 400km wide plain known in Latin as Sinus Iridum, or the Bay of Rainbows. Before landing, the probe slowed down from 1,700m per second and then hovered for about 20 seconds, using sensors and 3D imaging to identify a flat area. AFP