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MEXICO CITY: Enrique Pena Nieto took over as Mexican president yesterday, offering a shot at redemption for the party that shaped modern Mexico if he can bring an end to years of violence and economic underperformance.
Returning the centrist Institutional Revolutionary Party, or PRI, to power after a 12-year hiatus, the 46-year-old Pena Nieto aims to use a recent improvement in the economy’s fortunes to spark faster growth.
Outgoing President Felipe Calderon formally transferred power to his successor just after midnight. Later in the day, he handed Pena Nieto the red, white and green presidential sash at a brief ceremony in Congress, where the new president was sworn in.
Several thousand protesters, mainly from leftist groups that supported Pena Nieto’s main rival and oppose his reform plans, massed outside Congress.
Police fired tear gas to try to disperse the protesters, who rattled metal barriers in a bid to disrupt the swearing-in. Elsewhere, small groups of protesters threw Molotov cocktails.
“They have imposed an illegitimate president. There’s lots of us here, this struggle is just beginning,” said Frida, a 16-year-old student, her eyes stinging from the tear gas beneath a face mask and wearing a T-shirt emblazoned with the image of a guerrilla leader.
Former State of Mexico governor Pena Nieto won the July 1 election with about 38 percent of the vote, more than 6 points ahead of leftist rival Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador. Telegenic and married to a popular actress, Pena Nieto promises to restore calm after more than 60,000 people were killed in violence between drug gangs and security forces during the six-year term of his conservative predecessor.
“Unfortunately, this has been something which has made or formed the image of Mexico in the world,” Pena Nieto said during a trip to Europe in October. “That’s why there’s no doubt dealing with lawlessness more effectively is a priority.”
He says he is committed to the fight against organized crime, which dominated Calderon’s presidency, but has also stressed his main goal is to reduce the violence. The new president’s right-hand man, Luis Videgaray, and close political ally Miguel Angel Osorio Chong will be the two key figures in his Cabinet, running the finance and interior ministries respectively.
Having helped shepherd a labor reform through Congress since his election victory, Pena Nieto now wants to pass legislation to strengthen Mexico’s tax base and allow more private investment in lumbering state oil giant Pemex. If he is successful, the reforms could help spur stronger growth and create jobs, blunting the allure of organized crime.
Like many of Mexico’s best-known institutions, Pemex was a creation of the PRI, which ruled for 71 uninterrupted years until it was voted out in 2000. By then, the party had become a byword for corruption, cronyism and vote-rigging.
Annual economic growth averaged less than 2 percent under the National Action Party, or PAN, over the past 12 years. That record and growing worries over the drug war violence opened the door for a PRI comeback under Pena Nieto. Still, inflation has been kept in check, debt levels are low and growth picked up toward the end of Calderon’s term, with the economy outperforming Brazil’s in the past two years.
“Maintaining that stability is going to be one of the biggest challenges of the next government,” said Phillip Hendrix, 44, a Mexican businessman.
Pena Nieto’s inner circle features several ambitious young economists and financial experts eager to prove the PRI can do a better job of managing Latin America’s second-biggest economy.