DUBAI: Dubai is back in the business of unveiling mega projects, three years after a severe financial crisis crippled its booming property sector, but doubts still linger over finance and feasibility.
Just as the economy in the glitzy city-state begins to look promising, despite a large debt burden dating back to the years when growth appeared endless, Dubai has once again set its sights on building superlatives.
“We do not anticipate the future. We build it,” Dubai’s ruler Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid al-Maktoum, architect of its meteoric rise into a regional tourism and services hub, boasted last week as he unveiled plans to build a “city” carrying his name.
Among the attractions of the new mega plan is a mall touted to be the largest in the world, not far from what is already the world’s largest shopping and entertainment destination, the Dubai Mall.
Mohammed bin Rashid City will sprawl over a large swathe of the emirate’s desert and have gardens 30 percent larger than London’s Hyde Park, in addition to 100 hotels, and a Universal Studios theme park.
No price tag was attached to the project which is to be developed by the ruler’s Dubai Holding conglomerate and Emaar, which built Burj Khalifa, the world’s tallest tower.
This week, Dubai also announced a Dh10bn ($2.7bn) leisure centre and theme parks.
Dubai appears keen to capitalise on its growing tourism sector which it said is expanding 13 percent a year, with hotel occupancy rate hitting 82 percent last year.
Sheikh Mohammed said the emirate must stay ahead of expanding demand and match its ambitions.
“The current facilities available in Dubai need to be scaled up in line with the future ambitions for the city,” he said, highlighting a constant rise in tourism and the business of hosting forums and exhibitions.
“A large part of these projects are linked to expanding Dubai’s capacity in core sectors with comparative advantage, such as tourism, which is positive,” said Monica Malik, chief economist at EFG-Hermes investment bank in Dubai. But the source of funding for such grandiose projects remains vague.
“We do have our own resources and way to finance... We are sure that these projects will be achieved,” the Arabian Business online magazine quoted Hani Al Hamli, Dubai Economic Council secretary general, as saying.
Beyond general assurances, Dubai continues to deal with the burden of maturing debt, after it racked $113bn in borrowings during years of extensive investments, with $9.8bn reportedly coming due next year and $3bn in 2014.
“Banks remain wary about lending to real estate developments at a time when they still have to make major provisions against non-performing real estate loans from the last development boom,” said real estate consultancy firm Jones Lang LaSalle in a statement on Thursday.
However, “the fact that these projects have long-term time lines is positive as they can be developed alongside demand, both domestically and internationally, so as not to build overcapacity,” Malik said.